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Federal Regulations vs. State Laws: Legal Frameworks for 18-Wheeler Accident Claims.

18-wheeler trucks are vital for the American highway system, transporting goods between seas. However, with great power comes great responsibility. 

The size and weight of the trucks are key factors in accidents that can lead to disasters. Experiencing such situations can get serious. 

Consider the legal aspects when seeking compensation. In the USA, 18-wheeler accident claims involve data from federal and state laws. This legal process is intricate, so you should always rely on an 18-wheeler accident lawyer


Facts Related to 18-Wheeler Accidents in the USA

Truck Accidents 2022

More than 166,800 truck accidents were reported. 


More than 75,000 people were injured, and over 5,000 were killed. 

Drunk Drivers 

2% of the truck accidents involved intoxicated drivers. 

Over Speed

Over 7% of truck accidents occur due to speeding. 


79% of large truck accidents occur in daylight. 

Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations

The FMCSR is a federal rule made by the FMCSA, a part of USDOT. The FMCSR aims to make commercial trucks safer and protect drivers and the public. The scope of these regulations spans a multitude of the trucking business.

  • Driver Qualifications

The FMCSR has all the rules a truck driver must follow to get a commercial vehicle license. They range from the minimum age requirements to a valid CDL and a clear driving record.

  • Hours of Service (HOS) Regulations 

The HOS rules aim to prevent tired drivers, a common cause of accidents. The rules decide how long a truck driver can drive and when they should rest for enough sleep. 

ELDs are mainly used to track driving hours and ensure compliance with HOS rules.

  • Vehicle Maintenance and Inspections

The FMCSR has strict rules about how to take care of trucks. These rules help make sure trucks are safe and working well. Trucking companies must keep records of upkeep and inspections. 

Frequent inspections and maintenance prevent breakdowns. Breakdowns may lead to fatal accidents. Trucking companies must keep records. They provide documentation for vehicle activities and inspections.

  • Drug and Alcohol Testing

FMCSR requires drug and alcohol tests for truck drivers to ensure they drive safely. Examples of required testing include pre-work, random, post-accident, and reasonable suspicion. 

These are different kinds of testing. Based on FMCSR rules, truckers must undergo drug and alcohol tests to ensure they drive. Non-compliance can have severe repercussions for drivers and trucking firms.

  • Insurance Requirements 

The trucking industry must have insurance for accidents involving their trucks. This ensures funds for compensation. The FMCSR sets the minimum insurance based on the cargo being carried.

  • Hazard Regulations

If a truck carries harmful chemicals, rules require careful handling of these materials. Regulations ensure proper labeling, packaging, and handling of toxic materials. The main goal is to reduce risks during hazardous cargo transport.


  • Certification and CPD for Educators, as well as Entry-Level Driver Training

The FMCSR covers the training needed for professional drivers and new industry entrants. The regulation sets training standards. It applies to new or upgraded CDLs.


  • Recordkeeping and Documentation

Trucking companies must keep records such as logbooks, maintenance documents, and inspection docs. They must comply with mandates. Keeping good records is crucial for compliance and aids in investigations if needed.


What Do The State Laws Tell About 18-Wheeler Accidents? 


Federal Regulations vs. State Laws: Legal Frameworks for 18-Wheeler Accident Claims. 

Federal laws are crucial for truck operations. State laws also influence accident claims. Understanding state laws is crucial when dealing with a truck accident situation. 

  • Liability and Negligence Standards 

Each state in the US decides how fault is determined in accidents. Some states have rules for accidents. One type looks at who’s at fault and divides money based on that. Another type doesn’t pay if the hurt person is more at fault. 

In some states, you can still get compensation if you are hurt but a bit at fault. Other states only let you get paid if your fault is less than the limit.

In some states, more than one person may have to pay for damages at the same time and separately from each other. An injured party can claim full damages from all parties liable. Each may share wrongdoing differently.

  • Statute of Limitations

Time limits under state laws determine how long accident victims can sue. Different states have different time limits, ranging from one to six years. Knowing your state’s time limits is crucial to avoid missing out on compensation. 

These timeframes are different by state and might be from one year up to six years. The state you are in may have time limits for filing claims. Victims must know these limits to ensure they don’t miss out on compensation.

  • Insurance Requirements

Each state sets its minimum insurance requirements for motor carriers. The mandated replacement coverage level must be understood. 

It determines the compensation amount. Insurance can be twice as much in some states for specific goods or industries.

In some states, the no-fault insurance system is used. If you have insurance, it pays for medical expenses and other costs, no matter whose policy it is. 

You can only file a suit for non-economic damages up to a set limit in these states. Some severe injuries can receive compensation.


How Can an 18-wheeler Accident Lawyer Help You Get Compensation? 


Federal Regulations vs. State Laws: Legal Frameworks for 18-Wheeler Accident Claims.


In a trucking accident, align with a competent attorney familiar with various laws. This is crucial when lives are suddenly destroyed. An 18-wheeler lawyer guides clients through the legal field, advocating for their rights. 

They seek full compensation for losses or injuries. Mokaram Law Firm is a top authority in legal services. People can rely on them for fair treatment.


1. Expertise in Trucking Regulations:

Most expert lawyers who handle truck accidents are well-versed in FMCSA regulations. They can help prove if the other party didn’t meet their legal duties. Understanding this is crucial. It can serve as proof of compliance with safety standards.

The vast majority of state laws are different. An experienced lawyer who knows the rules for trucking in a state is beneficial. This knowledge helps build a strong argument by considering each state’s unique regulations.


2. Investigation and Evidence Collection:

Lawyers in truck accident cases investigate the details of the crash thoroughly. It would entail obtaining proofs such as files of traffic accidents. 

Testimonials from observers and any video recording from security cameras are needed. Trucking companies prove returns by fixing maintenance records. They manipulate driver logs.

Lawyers use evidence and experts to understand how accidents happen. This will help decide who is responsible and support the victim’s situation.


3. Navigating Insurance Complexities

Trucking companies usually have thorough insurance coverage. To grasp these policies fully, one needs legal knowledge. Experienced lawyers check for insurance policies. They confirm the victims’ full compensation.



Experiencing an accident with an 18-wheeler could be devastating. Recovering from such an accident can be very challenging physically and emotionally. 

If you or your loved one had such an accident, then Mokaram Law can help you claim all your damages. Contact us today at (281) 609-9224 for a free consultation.


Past results do not guarantee future performance. The $1B amount reflects the NFL concussion MDL settlement not an individual claim.

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Sorry! Can't Help You
If There Was No Injury Then There Is No Claim to be Filed.

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We can't provide a valuation for the claim if the accident is reported as "at fault" or if there's no clear determination of fault.

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