Mokaram Law Firm


Personal Injury Vs. Bodily Injury: What's the Difference

Accidents happen, and unfortunately, they can lead to injuries. When it comes to legal matters, understanding the distinction between personal injury vs. bodily injury is crucial. While these terms are often used interchangeably, they have distinct meanings in the legal context. This blog post will clarify these terms, providing insights to navigate potential legal situations. 

Additionally, we’ll discuss the role of car accident attorneys in Houston for those seeking legal assistance in such cases.

Personal Injury

Personal injury is a legal term that contains a wide range of physical and psychological harms that result from someone else’s negligence, intentional actions, or strict liability. Personal injury cases typically arise from car accidents, slips and falls, medical malpractice, product defects, and workplace accidents.

Personal injury claims focus on compensating the injured party for their damages. These injuries may include medical expenses, lost wages, pain and sorrow, emotional distress, and property damage. A personal injury lawsuit seeks compensation for the injured person’s losses and holds the at-fault party accountable for their actions or negligence.

Compensation in Personal Injury Cases

Compensation for bodily harm is simply one component of a successful personal injury claim. A complete personal injury claim may comprise the following elements:

  • Medical bills
  • Projected future medical costs if you had a long-term injury
  • Lost wages when you were unable to work due to your injury
  • Direct physical injury-related pain and suffering
  • Mental anguish is a type of psychological pain
  • Dissatisfaction with life
  • Property damage 


Punitive damages are also available on occasion. If a court awards punitive damages, they will be in addition to the monetary damages indicated above.

Legal Aspects of Personal Injury

When distinguishing between bodily injury and personal injury claims, it’s important to recognize that personal injury is a comprehensive legal principle encompassing various aspects. Here are key legal considerations:


  1. Statute of Limitations: Typically, personal injury claims must be filed within two years of the accident or incident unless there are exceptional circumstances that could affect the timeline.
  2. Liability: In personal injury cases, the victim seeks to establish the defendant’s financial responsibility. If multiple parties share fault, liability may be apportioned accordingly.
  3. The burden of Proof: Personal injury plaintiffs bear the burden of proving their case. The standard of proof is based on a “preponderance of the evidence,” which is less demanding than the “beyond a reasonable doubt” standard used in criminal trials.


Understanding these legal aspects is crucial for navigating personal injury cases effectively and seeking appropriate compensation for the injuries sustained.

Situations that Can Lead to a Personal Injury Lawsuit

A personal injury lawsuit can be filed where a negligent party caused you to be hurt.

Personal injury situations that are common include:

  • Car Accidents: Collisions involving cars, motorcycles, trucks, or pedestrians can result in personal injury claims, especially when negligence or reckless driving is involved.
  • Slip and Falls: Property owners can be held liable if someone is injured due to hazardous conditions, such as wet floors, uneven surfaces, or inadequate signage.
  • Medical Malpractice: Negligent actions or errors by healthcare professionals that harm patients may lead to personal injury lawsuits.
  • Product Liability: If a defective or dangerous product causes injury to a consumer, the injured party can pursue legal action against the manufacturer, distributor, or seller.
  • Workplace Accidents: Employees injured on the job due to unsafe conditions or employer negligence may file personal injury claims, potentially seeking compensation beyond workers’ compensation benefits.
  • Dog Bites: Owners can be held responsible for injuries caused by their pets if they fail to control or restrain them properly.
  • Assault and Battery: Intentional acts of violence causing physical harm can result in personal injury lawsuits, seeking damages from the perpetrator.
  • Defamation: False statements that harm someone’s reputation can lead to personal injury claims, particularly for reputational damage and emotional distress.

These are just a few examples of situations that can give rise to personal injury lawsuits. Each case is unique, and consulting with an experienced personal injury attorney is crucial to assess the specific circumstances and determine the legal options available.


Bodily Injury

Bodily injury, on the other hand, refers specifically to physical harm inflicted upon an individual. It is a term commonly used in insurance policies, particularly in the context of auto insurance. When you have bodily injury coverage, your insurance policy will compensate for injuries sustained by another person due to an accident for which you are at fault.

Bodily injury coverage typically includes medical expenses, rehabilitation costs, and possibly lost wages for the injured party. It protects the at-fault party from personal liability for the other person’s injuries. When the injured party pursues legal action beyond what the insurance policy covers, personal injury claims may come into play.

Legal Aspects of Bodily Injury

In a car accident liability insurance policy, what does “bodily injury” cover? Physical injuries to other drivers, passengers, and pedestrians involved in a traffic accident are covered. It only applies if the insured is partially responsible for the accident. 

While almost all traffic accidents result in property damage, bodily injury insurance does not cover it. On the other hand, a comprehensive auto accident liability insurance policy covers both property damage and bodily injury responsibility, albeit coverage limitations vary.

Compensation for Bodily Injury

For example, you can get a bodily injury payout in a workers’ compensation claim but not a full personal injury award. A settlement for bodily injury may include the following types of damages:

  • Ambulance bills
  • Hospital bills
  • Surgery bills
  • Doctor’s bills
  • Rehabilitation and physical therapy charges
  • Future medical expenses
  • Missed earnings
  • Future lost earnings 

Non-economic damages such as pain, suffering, and emotional anguish will be excluded from a bodily injury settlement. Non-economic damages can exceed 50% of the entire amount of a personal injury settlement.

In a nutshell, personal injury and bodily injury are related terms. They have distinct meanings within the legal context. Personal injury refers to a broader range of injuries caused by someone’s negligence, intentional actions, or strict liability, intending to seek compensation for the injured party. On the other hand, Bodily injury is a term typically used in insurance policies to cover physical harm caused by the policyholder to another person.

Understanding the difference between personal and bodily injury is essential if you are involved in an accident or facing legal proceedings. If you have suffered an injury, it’s advisable to consult a qualified attorney specializing in personal injury law to help you navigate the complexities of your specific case and protect your rights.

Legal Aspects of Bodily Injury

When dealing with a personal injury case, it’s essential to have the expertise and support of a personal injury lawyer. 

Here are seven key reasons to work with a professional in this field:

  • Legal Knowledge: Personal injury lawyers have in-depth knowledge of relevant laws, regulations, and legal procedures, ensuring your rights are protected.
  • Case Evaluation: They can assess the strengths and weaknesses of your case, providing an objective analysis of its potential value and the likelihood of success.
  • Negotiation Skills: Personal injury lawyers are skilled negotiators who can engage with insurance companies and other parties to pursue fair and maximum compensation on your behalf.
  • Evidence Gathering: They have the resources and experience to gather and preserve crucial evidence, including accident reports, medical records, witness statements, and expert opinions.
  • Legal Strategy: Personal injury lawyers develop effective legal strategies tailored to your case, leveraging their expertise to navigate complex legal processes.
  • Advocacy: They act as your advocate, representing your best interests throughout the legal proceedings and ensuring your voice is heard.
  • Peace of Mind: Working with a personal injury lawyer lets you focus on your recovery while knowing that your legal matters are handled professionally.

By partnering with a personal injury lawyer, you gain the support, guidance, and expertise necessary to navigate the complexities of your case and maximize your chances of obtaining a favorable outcome and fair compensation for your injuries.

Why Choose Mokaram Law Firm?

When facing the aftermath of a personal injury, choosing the right legal representation is crucial. Here’s why you should choose the Mokaram Law Firm:

  • 25+ years of experience handling personal injury cases, including major accidents.
  • Over $1 billion was recovered in personal injury cases, securing substantial compensation.
  • Prioritize client needs, and provide personalized attention, compassion, and unwavering support throughout the legal process.
  • Attorneys handle complex cases like car accidents, wrongful death, and NFL concussion settlements.
  • We are dedicated to holding responsible parties accountable for negligence and fighting for client justice.

If you’re seeking exceptional legal representation during difficult times, contact the Mokaram Law Firm today. Let us fight for your rights and help you secure the compensation you deserve.

Schedule a free consultation with our experienced personal injury attorneys at the Mokaram Law Firm and take the first step towards obtaining the justice and compensation you deserve.


Past results do not guarantee future performance. The $1B amount reflects the NFL concussion MDL settlement not an individual claim.

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Sorry! Can't Help You
If There Was No Injury Then There Is No Claim to be Filed.

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We can't provide a valuation for the claim if the accident is reported as "at fault" or if there's no clear determination of fault.

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